The hip joint supports the weight of the body when we are standing and enables a wide range of movements, such as walking, running and jumping. The most common hip injuries are traumatic, of movement or instability (as in dysplasia) or degenerative (hip arthrosis or coxarthrosis), causing pain or discomfort.
The spine protects the spinal cord and forms the main axis of the body, providing support and flexibility, together with the associated muscles and tendons. The spinal surgery aims to repair the bone and/or preserve the spinal cord and associated nerves. Normally, we use the surgery in cases like disc herniations and vertebral fractures that can compromise the motor function.
Painless movement range and stability of the knee joint is important for performing daily life activities. The knee’s anatomy reflects its function in motion and is a complex articulation between the femur, the tibia, and the kneecap. Excessive movement of the knee is minimized by collateral ligaments and cruciate ligaments. These are the ones more often injured, which results in pain and limited mobility.
The shoulder’s joint high mobility results from its stability and is minimized due to the existence of support ligaments and cartilage. The elbow is formed by 2 joints that articulate the humerus, the radius and the ulna, enabling strengthening and bending movements. Dislocations and tendinitis are the most common shoulder injuries. As for the elbow, epicondylitis and dislocations occur frequently, causing pain and limiting mobility.
Children have different characteristics and needs than adults. They may have congenital changes, different injury recovery patterns, and different infection responses. Pediatrics orthopedics is the field of orthopedics that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of anomalies in the musculoskeletal system (bones, joints, and muscles) in children. For example, bone fractures, infections, and neoplasms, among others.
The foot and ankle are complex anatomical structures that support the weight of the body and are subject to significant impact and wear-and-tear during daily life activities such as walking, running and jumping or intensive sports activity. Foot and ankle specialists diagnose, provide medical and/or surgical treatment and rehabilitation of injuries that affect these structures, such as sprains, fractures, and dislocations, among others.
The hand and the wrist are very elaborate anatomical structures that allow us to make a wide range of movements in our daily lives with the required skill and flexibility. Our wrist and hand specialists diagnose, provide medical and/or surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of injuries that affect these structures, such as sprains, fractures, and dislocations, among others.